If you shop around credit card market frequent enough, you will see many balance transfer offer from the banks. The basic idea of balance transfer is help you “save” on the interest you might need to pay on the balance you have in your credit card. Instead of label bank as evil money sucking machine, let us focus on the problem itself, why is the balance there in the first place.
I have been reading a lot of personal finance blog when I was searching for ways to clear my student loan and have received many ways to manage debts. Some suggested paying off the smallest loan first, some suggested paying off the loan with the highest interest rate. They all are decent advice that either make emotional sense or financial sense after you incurred the debt. What are missing is why are we in those debt in the first place.
Lack of information
I made my first loan commitment decision when I was 21 years old. The loan application form came together with my university admission form. The offer was an good opportunity for me at that time to receive tertiary education and secure a better future. I was able to complete my education with that loan in 3 years and went into job market with a degree scroll in my hand.
What I am missing when I graduated from the school was student loan also a form of debt, it bears interest rate and costing me more than $100 a month when I was paying $200 per month to the bank. I was ignorant and totally ignoring the fact that “$200 per month” is costing me a lot in long run. At the same time I received advice from relative and friend saying student loan is good debt and since its interest rate is so low, there is no rush to pay off that loan. This definitely not a good advice among all the advices I received over the year.
Back to the credit card balance scenario, I believe most of the people have realized what credit card offered was not free money, it bears interest rate and the interest rate is very high, up to 28%. We should view it as a convenient tool to pay for our purchase rather than free money from bank. Making just the minimum payment per month is not acceptable at all because with the finance charge and future purchase you are going to make, it will cost you three arms and four legs to pay off that debt.
So, if you are feeling you are not getting ahead in your debt management, it might be helpful to filter the information you receive and really plan something that working for you and you only. But I think the universal solution to debt is always pay it off as fast as possible and no excuse should be made.
Brainwashed by marketing
We are all influenced by marketing at various level and I believed nobody can escaped from it. The question we need to ask ourselves is whether the product presented to us really helps us in the long term or it just give us a sense of excitement for 3 days before we get bored of it.
I experienced this process with my iPad 2 purchased 10 months ago. It gave me maybe up to a week of excitement for owning it and I rarely use it nowadays because I mostly works my stuff on my laptop. I believed I am not the only one who with this experience because I read so many buyer remorse review on the web and from my friend.
It is very difficult to avoid marketing or advertisement in today world. They are everywhere wherever you go. One of the method I like to use now is delay my purchase decision. Put the items you intend to buy into a wish list and wait for 3 days (or whatever numbers of days that works for you). If your desire and justification is still strong after 3 days, and you have fully understand the benefit from that product, it should worth your money and effort.
Lack of planning
Things happens. If we view our life as a long period of time, things happens. It might be an accident, illness, job loss or opportunity. Whatever it is, it require fund, sometimes a lot of fund. Insurance in this case is a must for all of us (unless you are so poor that you don’t ever know where your next meal is). The idea of insurance is to insure us against financial disaster we are unable to take it. For example major illness or serious accident that take away our ability to work and costing us a huge amount of money.
Other than insurance, an emergency fund should be save up to handle any less intense incident happens in life. For example job loss or some other unexpected family expense. The size of the emergency fund vary among each individual due to different lifestyle but a fund with size equals to 6 months of your salary should be enough yo tide you over those unexpected incident.